Uzbekistan warns population of extremist activity
By Maksim Yeniseyev, Central Asia Online
11 April 2013
The authorities have defined measures to further prevent propagation of extremism in the country, they say.
Uzbekistan is turning up the heat on extremists.
After recent extremist activity within its borders, the general prosecutor's office, other state organisations, and non-governmental entities have stepped up their anti-extremist information campaign. (read more)
|"All believers are backward-looking fanatics who drag society down"By Mushfig Bayram, Forum 18 News 12 April 2013Uzbekistan's authorities continue to attack unregistered worship and punish participants, as well as punishing individual believers for discussing their faith with others, Forum 18 News Service has learned. Police and National Security Service (NSS) secret police raided a small unregistered Baptist community's Sunday worship service in south-eastern Kashkadarya Region. (read more)
Uzbekistan: Kerry Should Raise Rights Abuses at Talks
By Human Rights Watch
07 March 2013
(Washington, DC) – US Secretary of State John Kerry should publicly express concern about Uzbekistan’s deteriorating human rights situation during his meeting with the Uzbek foreign minister on March 12, 2013, and press for concrete improvements, Human Rights Watch said today.
Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Komilov and other high-level Uzbek officials will visit Washington, DC, from March 11 to March 13, at a time of deepening US military engagement with Uzbekistan over its role in the war in Afghanistan.
“Uzbekistan wants a deal from the United States – ignore human rights abuses in exchange for transit rights for US troops leaving Afghanistan – and John Kerry shouldn’t bite,” said Steve Swerdlow, Central Asia researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The US should know by now it has little to gain by a close association with a government that routinely abuses the fundamental rights of its own citizens, and unnecessary, since the Uzbek government needs the US as much as the US needs it.” (Read More)
|Credit: BBC News
|Genocide and Politicide Watch: UzbekistanBy Genocide Watch6 March 2012, updated 26 April 2012
Uzbekistan gained its independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on August 31, 1991. President Karimov has been in power ever since. A new constitution was adopted, establishing a separation of powers between the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. In reality, however, Uzbekistan is a full autocracy. President Karimov has the power to dissolve the parliament and to appoint the judges. Further, there is a clan division in Uzbekistan which is associated with political power. The highest positions in Uzbekistan are exercised by members of the Samarkand clan of President Karimov and the Tashkent clan.
The Uzbek government violates human rights on a large scale: torture, absence of due process, lack of freedom of expression and association. Recently, Uzbek women testified for the BBC that they were forcibly sterilized after delivering a baby. The Uzbek government has imposed quota on doctors in the context of a policy of population control (read more). Freedom House rightly identifies Uzbekistan as one of the nine least free countries in the world. Islamists and political opponents, including Tajiks, are the main victims of this repressive regime.
Firstly, there is the situation of the Tajiks. In 1929 Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, which previously formed one country, were separated. However, ethnic Tajiks still represent a large minority within Uzbekistan, especially in the cities of Samarkand and Bukhara. Figures in this regard are even underestimated, as during the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic the Uzbek nationality was imposed on ethnic Tajiks living on Uzbek territory as part of a policy of "Uzbekization". In the 1980s the Tajik community made secessionist claims, but these claims later evolved into a campaign for greater participation by ethnic Tajiks in political, economic and cultural life. President Karimov considers the Tajiks to be political opponents. His response has been repression.
Secondly, the Uzbek government upholds a tradition of persecuting Islamists. This policy is once again politically motivated. In Central Asia there are several Islamic groupings such as Hizb ut-Tahrir which want to establish a caliphate – an Islamic state unifying the many Muslim countries into a revival of the caliphate of the middle ages. Under the pretext of the "war on terror" the Uzbek government infringes the human rights of Islamists in Uzbekistan on a large scale. They are subject to even tougher restrictions regarding freedom of expression and association, arbitrary imprisonments, torture and forced disappearances.
The repression in Uzbekistan was most brutally expressed by the Andijan Massacre on May 13, 2005. That day protests broke out in Andijan because of an unfair trial against local businessmen for alleged Islamic extremism. The government forces randomly shot hundreds of unarmed demonstrators. Estimates of the death toll are uncertain due to the denial and cover-up by the Uzbek government. Eventually, the government acknowledged the death of 187 persons, while human rights organizations speak of approximately 750 casualties. No official has ever been held accountable for the killings, but fifteen persons were convicted for organizing protests in Andijan. Hundreds of civilians fled to neighboring country Kyrgyzstan. The Uzbek government continues to use reprehensible practices to cover the truth on the Andijan Massacre, including forced return of refugees, torture of witnesses and intimidation of civil society initiatives.
Uzbekistan is at stage 5 of Genocide Watch's 8 stages of genocide: Polarization.
Relevant information should be sent to Uzbekistan@genocidewatch.org.
26 April 2012 "Updated country profile of Uzbekistan," by Genocide Watch
20 April 2012 "Uzbekistan carrying out forced sterilizations, say women," by Natalia Antelava, The Guardian
6 March 2012 "Country profile of Uzbekistan," by Genocide Watch
12 February 2012 "Looking in the other direction," by The Guardian
13 December 2011 "Uzbekistan torture ignored by the West, say human rights group," by Reuters, The Guardian
2 July 2011 "Reformation in Uzbekistan and the political realities," by Meherun Nesa, The Daily Star
4 April 2011 "Uzbekistan can't muzzle the messenger," by Steve Swerdlow, The New York Times
8 June 2009 "Human Rights Watch Concerns on Uzbekistan," by Human Rights Watch
2 June 2009 "Uzbek Border Lockdown After Andijan Violence," by Institute for War and Peace Reporting
13 October 2008 "All talk," by Steve Crawshaw, The Guardian
6 October 2008 "Media Freedom Needs Action As Well As Dialogue," by International Crisis Group
18 June 2008 "Muzzled Again," by Andrew Stroehlein, Transitions Online
3 June 2008 "Human Rights Advocate is Freed," by Sabrina Tavernise, The New York Times
20 May 2008 "Europe's Soft Powerlessness," by Andrew Stroehlein, The Wall Street Journal
12 May 2008 "Repression Linked to 2005 Massacre Rife," by Human Rights Watch
14 February 2008 "Political Murder in Central Asia: No Time to End Uzbekistan’s Isolation," by International Crisis Group
3 October 2006 "UN: Rights Council Misses Opportunity on Uzbekistan," by Human Rights Watch
17 February 2006 "Ukraine Deports 11 Uzbek Refugee," by Steven Lee Myers, The New York Times
10 February 2006 "Uzbekistan: Freedom House Becomes Latest NGO Casualty," by Nikola Krastev
10 February 2006 "Radio Free Europe-Signs of Trouble," by Radio Free Europe
4 February 2006 "Uzbekistan: Opposition Leader On Trial," by The New York Times
13 January 2006 "Fate of Uzbek Refugees Worries Rights Groups," by The New York Times
15 December 2005 "Germany and Accountability for Crimes Against Humanity in Uzbekistan," by Human Rights Watch
4 October 2005 "Europeans Set Arms Embargo To Protest Uzbeks' Crackdown," by C.J. Chivers, The New York Times
19 September 2005 "Uzbek Refugees Fear for the Relatives They Left Behind," by Nicholas Wood, The New York Times
31 July 2005 "Uzbeks Order U.S. From Base In Refugee Rift," by The New York Times
28 July 2005 "Uzbek Refugees to Be Airlifted to New Havens," by The New York Times
28 May 2005 "Uzbekistan: Eyewitness Accounts of Killing In Andijon," by Radio Free Europe